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Carolina Cfmrrfjman 

Official ©rgan of tfje Btocesfe of J^ortf) Carolina 



3fn Jlemoria*" 

No. 2 




(Editorial in Lexington Dispatch.) 

A laborer who was worthy of his hire entered upon en- 
joyment of his reward when Rev. Wilmot S. Holmes laid 
down the working tools of his 'craft. He was one who 
worked without boasting, whose good works were not done 
to be seen of men. He trod the quieter lanes of life and 
perhaps he was happier that fate had so disposed his feet 
to their direction. 

Mr. Holmes was a very human man, hence a very sin- 
cere Christian. Religion for him was not merely some- 
thing for the minister to preach and teach, which he did 
faithfully and effectively, but something to be lived with 
even greater effectiveness. The full story of how much he 
lived Christ among his people, among the humble, the dis- 
tressed and friendless, may never fully be told. Much of 
this he treasured in his own consciousness. But such works 
are a lamp that cannot be hid, and men do know of them 
and they will long be appreciated in this community to 
which this splendid man gave eleven of the richest years 
of his life. He kept his eye on the shining goal and did 
not permit himself to be lightly diverted by things that 
perhaps vex others too much at times. He was a quiet 
man, a peaceful man, but he was a man of strength and 
courage justifying the estimate of those who knew him 
that here was a good man. 

According to the Canons of the Japanese Church (Nippon 
Seikokwai) all candidates for Holy Orders must serve at 
least one year as catechists before they are ordained dea- 
cons. Three deacons and one priest were ordained in the 
Diocese of North Tokyo this summer. All were graduates 
of St. Paul's College and the Central Theological College, 
Tokyo. Two of the deacons continue serving the churches 
where they worked as catechists, one comes to the General 
Theological Seminary for post-graduate study, and the 
priest is to assist the Rev. James Chappell who is in 
charge of five missions in the North Tokyo Diocese. 

The wilderness and the desert can blossom in Nevada 
in their season. "Clover Valley has a pleasant little church 
in a most lovely setting," writes a California friend now 
visiting Nevada. "To drive there from a distance in the 
summer, one passes acres of wild flowers, sweet peas, 
geraniums, blue-bells, larkspur, and thickets of wild roses." 
The Church is cared for by the Rev. F. C. Taylor from 
Elko, sixty-five miles away. 

A little Jewish girl came so irregularly to the reading- 
room maintained by the Church's mission to Jews on 
Long Island that she was asked what was the matter, and 
she explained that she and her sister had only one dress 
between them. A woman who heard the story took the 
little girl to the nearest store and bought her a simple 
dress. The child barely had time to get home before her 
mother, a Spanish Jewess, arrived at the mission, over- 
whelmed, and said that her family had suffered much in 
this country from unfriendliness and even persecution, 
and this gift was the first act of kindness any of them had 
ever received from any Christian. 

When St. Paul heard the question, "Why persecutest 
thou Me?" he answered, according to a mission school boy 
in India, "What has happened, has happened, and can't 
be helped, but in future I shan't do it again." 


! The; attention of churchmen in the Carolinas is 
directed to the extremely valuable article by the late 
Bishop Cheshire on The Fundamental Constitutions of 
North Carolina. It is the fast contribution to come 
from the gifted pen of the late bishop who was an 
acknowledged authority of the religious history of the 

The Historical Magazine, which has just completed its 
first year, was . established by a small group of men 
who are interested in conserving the history of the 
Episcopal Church. They serve without any monetary 
compensation. An earnest appeal is made to Carolinian 
churchmen to become subscribers at the rate of four 
dollars per annum. Only by additional subscriptions 
can the Magazine be continued. Subscriptions for the 
current year should be sent to the Rev. Dr. Brydon, 110 
West Franklin Street, Richmond, Va. 


The Rev. John H. Tillinghast, a sketch of whom ap- 
peared in the last issue of the Carolina Churchman, 
died at his home in Eastover, S. C, on January 10th, 
at the age of 97 years. Mr. Tillinghast, who has been 
living in retirement at Eastover for a number of years, 
was one of the oldest, if not the oldest minister of the 
Episcopal Church. His was a long and fruitful ministry, 
and was beloved by all who knew him. 

Mr. Tillinghast had a number of distinctions. He was 
the oldest living alumnus of the University of North 
Carolina and of William and Mary College, and oldest 
surviving chaplain of the Confederate Army. 


The radio broadcast of the Sunday morning services 
at the Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, has 
aroused an interest beyond all expectations. People 
from all over the State have written to say that they 
have heard the services, and of special gratification is 
the fact that the Church is reaching so many people shut 
in by sickness and other causes. The congregation of 
St. Paul's, Louisburg, has installed a radio in the church 
and follows the service, even to the singing of the 
hymns with the Raleigh choir. Mr. Partrick has in- 
vited Bishop Darst to preach on February 12th, and 
Bishop Penick on February 19th. Many of their dioce- 
san families will thus be able to hear them. 

Ten carpenters have been donating their labor to build 
the new chapel at Gruetli, Tenn., a mission in charge of 
the Rev. A. C. Adamz of Tracy City. A member of St. 
Paul's, Chattanooga, is giving the doors for the new build- 
ing — a satisfying kind of gift. Think of people always 
going through your doors to and from church. 

Few of us realize the extent of the great northern coun- 
try in the Diocese of Marquette, 18,000 square miles of 
territory, a country that has made many people in the 
cities rich with its lumber, iron and copper. 

Bishop Ablewhite says the rural missions of the diocese 
are doing their best to build up character, in order that 
the people who go out by dozens every year to the cities 
may enrich the city parishes to which they go. 

%\\t Carolina Cijurdfjmatt 

Organ of the Diocese of North Carolina and the Thompson Episcopal Orphanage and Training Institution 
Vol. XXIII RALEIGH, N. C, JANUARY, 1933 No. 2 

The Diocese Loses Its Beloved Bishop 

Bishop Cheshire Dies December 27th, After Brief Illness 

THE facts of the death and burial of the Rt. Rev. 
Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese 
of North Carolina, are already well known to the 
people of his State and Diocese. But the significance of 
those facts will not be appreciated for months and years 
to come. For a truly great man has been taken from us! 

Upon the advice of his physicians, Bishop Cheshire 
went to a Charlotte hospital for treatment on December 
16th. The next day he was seized with an attack, from 
which he died on the night of December 27th. The next 
morning the body was carried to St. Peter's Church, 
where it rested for several hours. An informal service 
of prayer was conducted there by Bishop Penick. In the 
afternoon the body was carried to his home in Raleigh, 
accompanied by members of the family and others. 

Funeral in Raleigh 

At eleven o'clock on the morning of December 29th 
the funeral of the late Bishop was conducted in the 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, to which parish 
he and his family belonged. In accordance with his 
well-known wishes, the services were simple. They were 
conducted by the Bishop Co-adjutor, the Rt. Rev. Edwin 
A. Penick, and the rector, Rev. Theodore Partrick, Jr. 

While simplicity marked the service in the church, it 
was both, beautiful and impressive. The church, with a 
large seating capacity that was added to by the placing 
of chairs in every available place, was completely filled 
by people from every walk of life. The hymns, sung by 
a choir that contained voices from all of the Episcopal 
congregations in Raleigh, all struck a triumphant note 
that was in keeping with the death of one who was full 
of years, honors and perfection of character. The clergy 
of the Diocese were vested and formed a procession that 
accompanied the body up the aisle. With them were 
clergy from other dioceses. The following Bishops were 
also in the procession, and were seated in the sanctuary 
during the service: Bishops Thomas C. Darst, of East 
Carolina; St. George Tucker, of Virginia; Arthur C. 
Thompson, of Southern Virginia; K. G. Finlay, of Upper 
South Carolina, and A. S. Thomas, of South Carolina. 

Burial in Tarboro 

Following the service in Raleigh, the funeral proces- 
sion made its way to Tarboro, where the burial service 
was held in the churchyard of Calvary parish. It was 
conducted by Bishop Penick, assisted by the Rev. Bert- 
ram E. Brown, the rector. There was the same utter 

simplicity here. The body that for almost eighty-three 
years had been the temple of a great soul was laid to 
rest in a spot made beautiful by the labors and vision of 
another great soul, the father of the Bishop. It was 
placed near those whom he had loved and who shared 
his life. His own sons and nephews reverently filled his 
grave, and placed upon it the ivy that was part and 
parcel of the soil that he loved. There was no wild 
outburst of grief — for he would not have had it so. 
Every person standing around the grave felt the keenest 
possible sense of loss, but even as they did so there came 
to them a new appreciation of St. Paul's glorious assur- 
ance, "death is swallowed up in victory." 

"In Labors Most Abundant" 

Bishop Cheshire was born in Tarboro, March 27, 1850, a 
son of the Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., for over 50 
years rector of Calvary Episcopal Church. Tarboro, and of 
Elizabeth T. (Parker) Cheshire. On his father's side. 
Bishop Cheshire was descended from the Blount family 
of Chowan County and the Gray family of Bertie County 
and on his mother's side from the Haywood and Toole 
families of Edgecombe County. 

After attending Tarboro Academy, Bishop Cheshire at- 
tended Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., where he re- 
ceived his B.A. degree in 1872. He studied law and 
practiced that profession for one year at Baltimore, 
Maryland, and for five years at Tarboro, before entering 
the ministry in 1878, when he was placed in charge of 
the Chapel of the Cross at Chapel Hiil. 

In 1881 he became rector of St. Peter's Church at 
Charlotte and in' this capacity enlarged the parochial 
work; erected a new and handsome church; organized 
Saint Michael and All Angel's Church. Negro, and began 
the work of St. Martin's Church in the same city. He 
took an active part in establishing Saint Peter's Hospital 
and in founding the Good Samaritan Hospital, Negro, the 
first in the State. He was consecrated Bishop Coadjutor 
on October 15, 1893, and became Bishop of the Diocese 
upon the death of Bishop Theodore B. Lyman, on Decem- 
ber 13, 1893. 

Bishop Cheshire was one of the best known bishops 
in the United States. In the House of Bishops of the 
Episcopal Church he was a recognized authority on 
canon law and was considered perhaps the ablest parlia- 
mentarian in the House of Bishops. Being one of the 

(Continued on Page 5) 



BISHOPS Pay Tribute To A Beloved and 
Respected Fellow -Worker 


(By the Bt. Rev. Edwin A. Penick, Bishop of North 

Bishop Cheshire once said to me, with characteristic 
modesty, that when he was elected Bishop, he realized 
that he would never be able to do anything great, but 
that he determined by God's help to do small things in 
a great way. He did not elaborate upon this statement 
but I have never forgotten it, and as years of intimate 
association with him passed by, it became more and 
more evident what he meant by this simple remark. The 
unusual, the dramatic and sensational were far from his 
nature. He construed life and the duties of his office in 
terms of ordinary personal relationships and common- 
place tasks. These "small things" he touched with a 
graciousness and firmness that glorified them and lifted 
them into the realm of true "greatness". The selective 
process of time and the perspective of history will dis- 
close moments of grave decision and of high achievement 
throughout his long and fruitful ministry. But I doubt 
if his memory will linger in the affections of the people 
of this diocese and, indeed, of the whole Church, because 
of any strikingly conspicuous service that he rendered. 
Other men of action have achieved important things 
and have been deservedly honored for their constructive 
service. But in course of time, when their accomplish- 
ments have been duplicated or displaced by other notable 
acts of subsequent generations, the memory of their good 
deeds has grown dim. Bishop Cheshire, however, pos- 
sessed that unique and exceedingly unselfish gift of en- 
twining himself lastingly in the esteem and affections of 
people by a genuine interest in the simple affairs of their 
lives. Writing last week of his sense of personal loss, 
Bishop Bratton exclaimed, "How Bishop Cheshire loved 
his people!" Again and again we have all heard him ask a 
stranger: "Who was your father?" "Who was your 
grand-mother?" "Whom did you marry?" And with 
his marvellously tenacious memory he would remember 
the answers to these questions for they were not asked 
casually. They reflected a sincere and personal inter- 
est, amounting to a superb enthusiasm. . He never sought 
popularity. He would scorn anything as mean and self- 
regarding as that. But somehow he was irresistably 
likeable because of his genuineness; for who is not drawn 
to the truth, especially when it is embodied in a person? 
This genius for friendship was to me the secret of his 
strength. And how quickly and spontaneously that 
friendship called out his affection and quickened a re- 
sponse in others! Instinctively one felt his understand- 
ing of human nature, his patience with weakness and 
failure, his rugged scorn of falsehood and injustice, his 
readiness to encourage with generous praise. These and 
other "small things", to recall his humble self-appraisal, 
endeared him to all ranks and stations in life. I dare 
not allow myself to write of him except with a forced 
and impersonal restraint, but I suspect that the "great- 
ness" which he felt was beyond his power was achieved 

after all in the hearts of those who knew him. For it 
is no "small thing" to love people as Bishop Cheshire 
loved them. 


(By the Rt. Rev. Thomas C. Darst, Bishop of East 
Carolina. ) 

In the passing from this life of Bishop Cheshire the 
House of Bishops has lost from its ranks a wise leader 
and counsellor, who was honored and respected for hi£ 
knowledge of Canon law and his accuracy of thought. 

The Church in North Carolina has lost a wise Chris- 
tian statesman, who guided his diocese with zeal and 
efficiency for nearly forty years and who, as a true 
Father in God, became the servant of all in his self-sacri- 
ficing labors for the extension of the Kingdom in and 
through his beloved diocese. 

The State of North Carolina has lost a great citizen, 
who contributed through voice and pen and life to the 
building up of a Christian civilization. 

As a historian he made an unique contribution to that 
remarkable period, when during the Civil War, a National 
Church was born, lived its brief life and died, and future 
generations will hold him in high esteem because of his 
careful and accurate history of the Church in the Con- 
federate States. 

His love of truth and his passion for accuracy stimu- 
lated many of us to more careful thinking and for a 
greater desire to seek truth at any cost. 

Be was my friend and counsellor from the beginning 
of my Episcopate and I shall miss him sadly. 

Truly it may be said of him that he fought a good 
fight and ever kept the faith with high courage and 
without compromise. For his life and ministry we 
thank God and take courage. 


(By the Rt. Slew Junius M. Horner, Bishop of Western 
North Carolina.) 

The Diocese of Western North Carolina has suffered 
a very personal loss in the death of Bishop Cheshire. He 
greatly endeared himself to the people of this section, 
while it was still a part of his Diocese of North Carolina. 
He always manifested real affection and appreciation for 
the people of the mountains, and those who knew him 
loved him. 

His missionary zeal stimulated and fostered the work 
of the Church in these mountains, and it was with his 
advice and consent that this section was set off as a Mis- 
sionary District, which has grown to become this Diocese. 
His interest in the work of the Church in this Diocese 
never waned, and the admiration and affection of our 
people for him as a man and as a Bishop has continued 
through the years. 




(By the lit. Rev. Thomas F. Gailor, Bishop of Tennessee) 

By the death of Bishop Joseph Blount Cheshire the 
Church loses the active services here of one of her ablest 
and most loyal sons. 

Bishop Cheshire was a man of impressive personality, 
a ripe scholar, learned in the law and in history, wise in 
counsel, and generous in his judgment of his fellows. 

The Board of Trustees of the University of the South 
at Sewanee, recall with gratitude his gracious and 
thoughtful and unselfish support through all the years 
of his episcopate; and I myself, who had the privilege 
of his friendship and his frequent visits to my home, 
join with the clergy and people of North Carolina in 
paying tribute to this faithful soldier and servant, who, 
"having served his own generation by the will of God, 
has fallen on sleep." 


Bishop Cheshire had a place of peculiar distinction 
and honor in the Anglican Church. For nearly forty 
years the American House of Bishops has felt the mag- 
netic power of his presence and the wisdom of his 
counsel. In the many offices which he held he has 
helped to shape far-reaching policies and in the Lam- 
beth Conference his word has carried conviction. 

Important as were these official relations of the 
Bishop, he will be remembered best for the personal,' 
qualities which endeared him to a vast company of 
friends. He combined in a remarkable degree an exact 
and exacting sense of justice with a warmth of sym- 
pathy which rendered his companionship charming as 
it was stimulating. 

It is difficult to think of the Church without the 
presence of Bishop Cheshire. It is impossible to foi - e- 
see a time when his influence will not be felt, his pene- 
trating mind will not be esteemed or where his name 
will cease to be held in grateful and loving remembrance. 


Presiding Bishop. 


(By Miss Rena Clark) 

To attempt to say with any degree of accuracy what 
Bishop Cheshire has meant to the Woman's Auxiliary in 
the Diocese of North Carolina defies the limitation of 
words. He was truly the loving father of a large family, 
loving us for our weaknesses as well as for our strength; 
demanding and expecting of his children — the Auxiliary — 
the same rigid code that he set for himself. It was he 
who watched us develop from a small group to the larger 
organization of today. He nurtured us in our infancy, 
encouraged us in our adolescence, and advised us in our 
womanhood. Born and reared in the State, and con- 
nected by ties of blood or friendship with many of his 
flock, the Bishop's relation to the Auxiliary was that 
of one rarely attained by other Bishops. We were his 
very own. 

Firmly but kindly guiding us in all of our endeavors, 
interested in all of our movements, proud of our ac- 

The Diocese Loses Its Beloved Bishop 

(Continued from Page 3) 

senior bishops he assisted in the consecration of many 
other bishops. 

Bishop Cheshire was twice married, first to Miss Annie 
Huske Webb, a daughter of James Webb of Hillsboro. 
She died on January 12, 1897, and this marriage is sur- 
vived by the following children: Mrs. Albert C. Cooper, 
of Franklin, Louisiana; Miss Sarah Frances Cheshire, 
Joseph Blount Cheshire, Jr., both of Raleigh; Mrs. 
Augustine Washington Tucker, of Shanghai, China; 
James Webb Cheshire and Godfrey Cheshire, both of 
Raleigh. Two of Bishop Cheshire's daughters, Mrs. 
Cooper and Mrs. Tucker, served for many years as mis- 
sionaries in China. Mrs. Tucker, whose husband is chief 
surgeon of St. Luke's Hospital in Shanghai, is still in 
China while her sister returned to this country several 
years ago. 

Bishop Cheshire's second wife was Miss Elizabeth 
Lansdale Mitchell of Maryland, who also preceded him. 


From Hartford, Conn., has come news that the memory 
of Bishop Cheshire has been honored at that institution. 
He was regarded as one of its most distinguished alumni, 
and fitting tributes have been paid him. In writing to a 
layman in Raleigh the Rev. Dr. R. B. Ogilby, President of 
the College, says: "He was a splendid citizen of your State, 
a loyal graduate of Trinity College, and a man of God. 
We shall all miss him. The College flag has been at half 
mast today in his honor. I have been thinking all day of 
the benediction of his presence nine years ago at the time 
of the Centennial and again last June at the time of the 
consecration of the new Chapel." At the chapel service on 
January 4th, the first held in 1933, Dr. Ogilby paid tribute 
to Bishop Cheshire before the student body as a great 
Bishop, a sound scholar, a man with rare charm of manner, 
and one of the best loved sons of Trinity. 

complishments, conscious of our failures, he was our 
ablest ally. The richness of his nature, the long and 
varied experience of his life, the bigness of the man him- 
self were shared and shared generously with all of us. 
His impress is too real, too vital to be ever effaced. We 
are grateful for the continuing stimulus and strength of 
a companionship which yet endures. We mourn his 
death but we rejoice in his life still among us if beyond 
us and above us. 

In these later years when the Bishop was not so ac- 
tively engaged in affairs of the Diocese, there was more 
time for social contact — a contact always delightful and 
stimulating to all who came within its reach. At meet- 
ings or gatherings of any kind, his very presence was a 
benediction. And as he mingled and talked among a 
people who had always loved and respected him, a deep 
sense of thankfulness was felt by all for his life spent 
among us. 

In return for the outpouring of his teaching, his love, 
his simplicity, and his example, may we not order our 
lives so that they will reflect to others the light that has 
shone upon us. 



HIS CLERGY Feel Loss of A True Father In God 

Tributes From Diocesan Leaders and Life-Long Friends 


(By the Rev. Milton A. Barber, President Standing 
Committee. ) 

It has been said that some men are born to greatness 
and that some achieve greatness. Perhaps the statement 
is not entirely accurate, and yet there is a partial truth 
in it. We know that some men are born to great op- 
portunity., and into an environment conducive to great- 
ness, and yet never achieve greatness. And, on the other 
hand, some men, with small opportunity and confronted 
with many obstacles, achieve greatness through perse- 
verance and dogged determination. But first of all, there 
must be an inherent element of greatness, in the truest 
and noblest sense of that word, in the man himself. 
There was this inherent element of greatness in the 
character of Bishop Cheshire. 

And some men seem utterly unconscious of their own 
greatness. This was notably true of Bishop Cheshire. 
Humble and unaffected, he was at ease in any company, 
in Lambeth Palace or in a mountain cabin with the plain 
people that he loved. He was the sincere friend and 
common brother of the humblest man he met. Never 
did he pose as a high dignitary of the Church or as a 
notable person; he was great in his sweet simplicity. He 
felt that he was just an ordinary man like the rest of us. 
Only a few days ago a judge of the superior court told 
me that he heard a distinguished citizen, within the past 
thirty days, mention the three or four really great men 
now living in North Carolina, and that he named Bishop 
Cheshire as one of them. It may be said, without fear 
of contradiction, that few men in the State were better 
known, and probably no one more universally admired 
and esteemed. 

And the Bishop has left an indellible impress upon the 
Diocese of North Carolina that will be felt for genera- 
tions to come. The noble traditions of the diocese were 
dear to his heart, and he tried to live up to them. 
Staunch Churchman he was, but he was not narrow and 
intolerant. Always ready to defend with warmth his 
own positive convictions, he never tried to force his 
views upon others; nor did he try to interfere with the 
rights and prerogatives of a parish priest, so long as he 
was loyal to the fundamental teaching and polity of the 
Church. He might offer godly counsel, but he would 
not try to usurp the authority that the Church gives to 
the parish priest. He did insist that bishop and priest 
alike should be obedient to the prescribed law of the 
Church, whatever might be their personal view of the 
law. He exacted no more of a priest than he exacted of 
himself. In so far as he could, he allowed large liberty. 
He trusted his clergy, and they trusted and revered him 
as a true Father in God. 

For many years the writer has been President of the 
Standing Committee of the Diocese, and during all these 
years there has never been any jar or disagreement be- 
tween the Bishop and this Committee. He knew their 
rights and recognized them, and never tried to dominate 

their actions. Again and again he has taken us into his 
confidence and asked our counsel and advice. No Stand- 
ing Committee ever had a better and more considerate 
bishop with whom to work, and we are all grieved that 
we shall no more see his kind and benign face at our 
meetings. God rest his noble soul. 


(By the Rev. Sidney S. Bost.) 

The life of Bishop Cheshire never ceased to strengthen 
and inspire men. 

Ripening age made him gentler, more affectionate and 
even more wise in his outlook upon life. 

A scholar always, yet in the last decade, in things ex- 
perimental, he often subordinated his own opinion rather 
than seem to lose step in the modern trend. His judg- 
ment was always sound, his loyalty to convictions inflex- 
ible. If it became necessary he required his clergy to 
conform to the rules and ordinances of the Church. 

Frank, honest, sincere (almost to a fault) for thirty- 
nine years he impressed the Diocese with his ability as 
a leader. All who knew him well had for him profound 

The writer who has been intimately associated with 
him since 1892 believes that no Diocese in the American 
Church has within this time been more ably administered 
than the Diocese of North Carolina. 

If I might epitomize his qualities as I knew them. He 
was appreciative without being fulsome; he was firm, 
but not unkind; he was wise without ostentation; a man 
of letters, but not arrogant. His Churchmanship was 
sound, and he had the gift of welding the Clergy of 
his Diocese into a harmonious body. 

A close student, an insatiable reader, a facile writer, 
having a retentive memory rarely equalled, he employed 
his talents and his powers to the building of the King- 
dom of God. 

He had joined the ranks of those of whom it may be 
truly said, "Servant of God, well done!" He lived and 
died in honor and his good works shall follow him. 


(By the Rev. A. S. Lawrence, Secretary of the Diocese.) 

In writing of Joseph Blount Cheshire, for over a 
generation Bishop of North Carolina, it seems fitting to 
be personal, as his power and his influence came not 
from his position or his utterances, but from his personal 
contacts. So I venture to speak of my own experiences. 

Twenty years ago I came into this diocese. A few 
months afterwards I was called upon to make an address 
at a Convocation in Louisburg on the subject of rural 
missions. In my talk I stressed certain facts concerning 
the origin of the three or four missions with which I 
was acquainted, and on the basis of these I generalized 



concerning other rural missions. Immediately after the 
service, Bishop Cheshire came up to me, and in his 
emphatic way said "Mr. Lawrence, you are totally wrong 
in what you have said. Your statements have no basis 
in fact." Knowing that I had at least something to go 
on, I dared to defend the stand I had taken, but the 
Bishop overwhelmed me, and I was reduced to silence, 
though not entirely convinced. But two days later I 
received a long letter from the Bishop. He had carefully 
looked up all the facts, and he wrote to tell me that he 
found that I was correct in the particular instances that 
I had quoted, and that therefore he wished to apologize 
for his hasty statement. At the same time he pointed 
out with clearness and emphasis how incorrect my gen- 
eralizations had been. Not many bishops would have 
taken all this trouble, and very few would have thought 
it worth while to apologize for a hasty statement made 
to a young priest new to the Diocese. 

During part of the war, I was in the army and away 
in camp. My family was living in Hillsboro. Several 
times during those months the Bishop came to Hillsboro, 
and never failed to visit my wife and to interest himself 
in the well being of all the children. And my family was 
one of hundreds he visited and kept in mind. He knew 
his sheep by name. 

In these twenty years, I have had an extensive corre- 
spondence with Bishop Cheshire, and I do not remember 
a single instance where his answer failed to come 
promptly, and where it did not completely cover every 
item on which I had asked information. He never kept 
copies of the letters he wrote — only a brief phrase in a 
record book of the general subject of each letter. But it 
was not necessary. His answers were so complete that 
there was no need to go back to see what had been writ- 
ten before. 

I should like to tell of many other incidents — such as 
when I slept in the same bed with him one cold winter 
night in a little frame house, and he showed me how to 
use the empty water pitcher for a bed warmer. But 
they would all be incidents that showed his kindness, his 
friendship, his justice, his care of little things. 

It seems to me that his life is best summed up in the 
words of Micah. He did justly; he loved kindness; he 
walked humbly with God and his fellow men. 


(By the Rev. Warren W. Way) 

My claim for attention to the few words which I shall 
write about Bishop Cheshire is based upon intimate as- 
sociations and an intimate friendship over a period of 
eighteen years, the time that I was rector of Saint Luke's 
Church, Salisbury, and Saint Mary's School, Raleigh. 

I find it difficult to write at all; difficult for two rea- 
sons: To those who did not know the Bishop well, I 
shall probably seem to exaggerate. Furthermore the 
feeling's of friendship spring from sources too deep to 
permit one to analyze with freedom. 

The Bishop, as president of the Board of Trustees of 
Saint Mary's School, always seemed to me to see in out- 
lines clear as a cameo the rights as well as the duties 
of all persons in the complex life of the school trustees, 
rector, faculty, students, alumnae and the public. Not 
only did he see them but he defended them with rare 
discernment, vigor and fine courtesy. He never denied 

or shirked his responsibility. He would not ask some 
one else to do what he conceived to be his own task, 
distasteful though it might be, and he never allowed 
his official position to destroy or dwarf the ideal of the 
chief pastor and friend of us all. 

My thoughts of him as Bishop and as friend can not 
be disentangled. In both aspects one was often struck 
by the sturdy, robust, masculine qualities of his mind 
and the charming originality both of his points of view 
and his modes of expressing them. The Bishop was like 
a fresh breeze and a strong tonic. His very presence was 
vital and how uncommon was his common sense! 

There are certain traits in the make-up of a Christian 
which are said to be natural virtues such as justice, 
temperance and courage. No discerning person could 
see the Bishop five minutes without seeing these quali- 
ties shining out in face and speech and manner. Of his 
tenderness and the depth of his affection for his friends 
especially when they stood in need of understanding 
sympathy and effective aid, I can not express myself as 
I would but I know a great deal about that from grateful 

In my mind he fitted beautifully into the picture of 
what a chief shepherd of Jesus Christ ought to be. What 
I have said more than once I will here write down. I 
never came away from any extended interview with the 
Bishop without feeling that I was a wiser, a better and 
a happier man. 


(By the Rev. E. H. Goold, President of St. Augustine's 

On his eightieth birthday Bishop Cheshire was pres- 
ent at the dedication of the new dining hall and domestic 
science building erected at St. Augustine's College and 
named in his honor. Gifts from many of his friends had 
helped to make this possible. At that time in the lobby 
of the building there was unveiled an excellent picture 
of the Bishop and below it a tablet with this inscription: 

Erected in Honor of the 
For many years President 
of the Board of Trustees 
Staunch and helpful friend 

It was as a staunch and helpful friend that the good 
Bishop endeared himself to all who knew him at the 
College. His interest in St. Augustine's and in its develop- 
ment was deep and genuine. He was firmly and con- 
sistently behind every effort to raise its standards and in- 
crease its usefulness. He took a real pride in observing 
whatever progress was made. The confidence and affection 
shown him by the Negro people came as the result of 
their realization of his genuine interest in their welfare. 

As President of the Board of Trustees he was always 
ready to give sound and well considered advice when it 
was asked for but never attempted to interfere in matters 
which he did not consider within his province. Under his 
leadership the Trustees always maintained most harmon- 
ious relations with one another and with the College ad- 

In the College chapel he confirmed hundreds of students 
who look upon him as their Father in God. Hundreds of 
(Continued on Page 13) 



^fje Carolina (Efmrcfjman 

Published Monthly at 

Rev. Theodore Partrick, Je Editor 

Subscription $1.00 a Year in Advance 

Simple notices of death, obituary notices, complimentary 
resolutions, etc., will be published at the charge of 
one cent a word. 

All communications and subscriptions, and all checks and 
money orders, should be addressed to 


126 West Morgan Street 


Rt. Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., Bishop 

Rt. Rev. Edwin A. Penick, D.D., Bishop Coadjutor 

Rev. Alfred S. Lawrence, Secretary of the Diocese 
Chapel Hill 

Rev. Theodore Partrick, Jr., Secretary of the Ex. Council 
126 W. Morgan St., Raleigh 

Mb. Henry M. London, Treasurer of the Diocese 

Mr. J. R. Wilkes, Treasurer of the Forward Movement 
P. O. Box 988, Charlotte 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at 
Raleigh, N. C. 


EVERY person in the Diocese feels a profound sense of 
gratitude to Almighty God that the mantle of our late 
Bishop is to fall on shoulders so worthy to wear it. The 
Bishop Co-adjutor, who automatically becomes Bishop, has 
demonstrated the wisdom shown in his choice. Bishop 
Penick has been serving the Diocese now for some ten 
years. His relations with Bishop Cheshire were beautiful 
indeed, and one of the great satisfactions of the later years 
of the Bishop, frequently expressed, was the fact that he 
was to be succeeded by one who had so splendidly demon- 
strated his ability. Bishop Penick will carry on the noble 
tradition established by Ravenscroft, Ives, Atkinson, Ly- 
man and Cheshire. Of this we are sure, for he has already 
given abundant evidence of his unusual capacity. He comes 
into complete charge of the Diocese with clergy and laity 
who already know and love him, and with a grasp of the 
duties of his office that will enable him to carry them on 
without interruption or faltering. We ask God's blessings 
upon him, and assure him of our support. 


The Carolina Churchman this month is privileged to 
give over most of its space to the presentation of 
tributes to the late Bishop of this Diocese. These spon- 
taneous expressions of love and esteem for him, written by 
bishops, clergy and laymen, will constitute a permanent, 
though inadequate, statement of the way we felt about 
Bishop Cheshire. He was more than a beloved person, he 
had through the years become an institution — one that we 
trusted with all our might and revered as we seldom 
revere anything. All of the contributors confessed to their 
inability to sum up their estimate of him in a few words. 
There were so many things that they wanted to say about 
him. But from all the tributes there emerge certain 
characteristics. They were characteristics of true greatness 
of soul, intellect and heart. 


ONE thing that gives us intense satisfaction is the fact 
that Bishop Cheshire was given so many evidences 
of our love and veneration for him in his lifetime. He was 
honored, of course, by institutions of learning in recog- 
nition of his scholarship and distinction of mind. But 
what was more to the point, his own people built memorials 
to him while he was still living, told him in words and 
stone of their love of him, and followed him without dis- 
sent throughout the almost forty years of his Episcopate. 
The "Cheshire Memorial Building" at St. Augustine's Col- 
lege is one monument to him, the Church for the Deaf, in 
- Durham, another. The presentation of his portrait to St. 
Mary's School in recent years also furnished the occasion 
for the revelation of our feelings about him, to him. He 
truly lived to be "a witness of his own immortality." 


Capt. Frederick Brownell, of the Church Army, is now 
giving valuable assistance to the Rev. William J. Gordon 
at St. Luke's, Spray, and nearby points. Capt. Brownell, 
a native of Bristol, R. I., was recently commissioned. 

The Rev. J. D. Miller, for a number of years rector of 
St. Paul's, Louisburg, recently resigned, on account of hav- 
ing reached the age of retirement. He will continue to live 
in Louisburg. Mr. Miller has had a long and useful minis- 
try, a good part of the time in Greensboro, N. C, where he 
served two pastorates at St. Andrew's Church. His friends 
wish for him a continuation of his physical and mental 
vigor for many years to come. 

The Rev. Bertram E. Brown, rector of Calvary Church, 
Tarboro, recently suffered an illness that kept him in bed 
for two weeks. His friends wish for him a speedy and 
complete recovery. 

At the December meeting of the Raleigh Clericus the 
Rev. Harvey Cox was elected president for the year 1933, 
and the Rev. Joseph F. Fletcher as secretary. Mr. Cox was 
also recently honored by being elected president of the 
Raleigh Ministerial Association, made up of all the Pro- 
testant clergy of Raleigh. 



The Woman's Auxiliary j 




Miss Rena Clark Tarboro, N. C. 

Vice-President and Supply Secretary 

Mrs. Watts Cabb Durham, N. C. 


Mrs. Hyman Philips .... Tarboro, N. C. 


Mrs. William P. Little 130 E. Edenton St., Raleigh 

Educational Secretary 
Mrs. Baxter Moore 5 Dartmouth Place, Charlotte 

Christian Social Service Secretary 
Miss Corinna Gant Burlington, N. C. 

United Thank Offering Secretary 
Mrs. W. W. Simms Wilson, N. C. 

The President's Monthly Letter 

Tarboro, N. C, January 1933. 

My dear Friends: 

As we enter a new year we are filled with the light of a 
radiant hope. The realization that another chance is given 
to us brings joy and comfort. Faith trampled down by 
many failures again emerges triumphant and emboldens 
us to venture forth on our road, scarred perhaps, but un- 
afraid. Therefore "forgetting those things which are be- 
hind, and reaching forth unto those things which are be- 
fore", let us press onward. 

There are many things for us to engage in this year but 
I wish to ask your special consideration for the following 

1. Greater emphasis on the "United Thank Offering. 

2. Organization of Woman's Work into one unit. 

3. Development of Individual Responsibility. 

4. Knowledge of the Meaning of Prayer. 

It is my earnest hope that during this year we may as a 
Diocese contribute to the splendid work of supplying litera- 
ture to the Blind of the Church. A recent letter from Mrs. 
Loring Clark states that the National Council is obliged 
to make drastic cuts in their appropriation, thereby badly 
crippling their endeavors. Is it not possible for us to add 
a small amount to our 1933 budget for this most appealing 
and far reaching work? 

To your attention I call the necessity of sending reports 
of last year's work promptly to all of your Diocesan offi- 
cers. It is also advisable to send a duplicate to your Dis- 
trict officers. The necessary requirements for the Honor 
Roll are plainly given on page 47 of the last Annual Re- 
port. Promptness and accuracy are vital factors in every 

For 1933, let us ask, not for less labor but for more 
courage and cheerfulness to undertake our share. With 
a forgetfulness that discriminates, obliterates and liberates, 
let us make ready to meet the demands that must neces- 
sarily thrust themselves upon us. Let us ask that we be 
given the spirit, not of fear, but of power, of love, and of 
discipline, remembering that of ourselves we can do 
nothing, yet by God's grace we may minister to the needs 
of our generation. 

My sincere wishes for your well-being now and always, 
Faithfully yours, 


Prayer Partnership Plan 

Some years ago Miss Grace Lindley became interested 
in the Prayer Partnership Plan of the Woman's Missionary 
Society of England in Canada and the Church Missionary 
Society of England, being convinced of the value of this 
plan and that it would be helpful to our Auxiliary and 
would give to our missionaries the feeling of the support- 
ing strength of the Church at home and bring to the 
Church at home the realization of its responsibility for the 
workers. The Plan has been developed with (I hope) suc- 
cess in the Diocese of North Carolina. 

In a letter sent to Diocesan branches, Miss Lindley 
writes: "To carry out the undertaking requires devotion, 
loyalty and perseverance on the part of those who accept 
the responsibility of becoming a partner that in all times 
of difficulty, anxiety or stress of circumstances the Mis- 
sionary may be assured of the power of prayer that is 
behind her sustaining her. You will readily see what a 
comfort and help this will be to her, and especially to 
those whose field of work is remote from a mission center 
and upon whom the burden of responsibility must of neces- 
sity rest. It is not an easy thing asked of you, but a 
joyous thing to be allowed to help in this very real way 
of making Christ known." 

It should be understood that our Missionaries do not 
have time to write many letters, but love to hear from 
home. Like Charity, this plan is twice blest! We are ex- 
pected to have prayers for our Prayer Partners at all of 
our Auxiliary meetings and also in our private devotions. 
It is also to be desired to have prayers at some appointed 
day or to include intercession for those who toil for Him in 
far off places or at some intercessory service. 

Gifts, magazines, letters and cards have been sent to all 
of our Prayer Partners by their special Prayer Partner, 
secretaries and others. 

If we visualize the surroundings and trials of our Prayer 
Partners I am confident we would pray more fervently for 
them in their work. Let us make this more real. Our 
blessed Saviour has said "Without Me you can do nothing." 

With all good wishes for the New Year. 

Chairman, Prayer Partnership Plan 
Correspondent, Diocese of North Carolina. 
(Mrs. Edward K. Powe) 
Box 383, Durham, N. C. 

A Plea for the United Thank Off ering 

Dear Auxiliary Members: 

When Bishop Penick was with us recently he told us of 
his "ambitions" for the Woman's Auxiliary — listing them 
under the following heads: 

(1) Information 

(2) Intercession 

(3) Service with a plan. 

(4) Proportionate Giving. 

As I listened to him I applied everything he said to our 
United Thank Offering. 

First. That every one of our women may know about 
the United Thank Offering. What it has already, and what 
it plans to achieve. To know what it means to others; and 
what it means to us. To them, a blessed evidence of the 
joy to us of daily contact with our little Blue Boxes. 

Second. The power of prayer. Prayer for a definite 
object. Think of the women in the Diocese of North 
(Continued on Page 13) 



Laymen Speak Out of Affection For Late Bishop 


(By Mr. W. E. Smith, Scotland Neck, N. C.) 

It is frequently said, and generally admitted as a fact, 
that no man is indispensable however great his useful- 
ness may be to humanity, because another is always 
found to fill his place. 

In attempting to apply this rule to the recent passing 
of the Rt. Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire I can only call it 
"the exception which proves the rule." 

Having known him intimately and enjoyed his friend- 
ship for the past thirty years and heard my grandmother 
frequently speak of him in the highest terms for at least 
ten years previously I feel qualified to pay this tribute 
to his memory. 

His faith was unique in that it embraced both the 
simpleness of a little child and the depth of the trained 
legal mind. I can not imagine his faith being disturbed 
by doubts as was his illustrious predecessor, St. Paul. 

He particularly loved the Old Testament, from which, 
I believe, he got his intense interest in the families of 
nis diocese and family life in general. Of him it may be 
said that he "loved righteousness" but did not hate 
iniquity. He rather pitied the weakness of those who 
yield to temptation as a father would his erring sons. 
And because of this trait in his character it was impos- 
sible not to yield to him the affection due a natural 
father together with the reverence due one's Father in 

Bishop Cheshire has filled this unique position in my 
own family for four generations and considering that 
this influence must extend all over his diocese I can but 
feel that his loss is irreparable. 


(By Capt. Samuel A. Ashe.) 

It was on the 27th of June, 189 3, when a convention 
of the Diocese of North Carolina met at Christ Church, 
Raleigh, to elect an assistant Bishop to aid Bishop 
Lyman — that certain considerations led to the choice 
of a North Carolinian for that high office in the Church. 

There were half a dozen other competent ministers 
whose friends pressed their selection, but for about fifty 
years the pastor at Tarboro had been the Rev. Joseph 
Blount Cheshire, Sr., and there the citizens had been 
progressive and prosperous, and in association with 
Mr. Cheshire were animated with culture and taste — as 
well as by religious sentiment. 

A son of Mr. Cheshire, after graduating at Trinity 
College, Hartford, Connecticut, had chosen law as his 
profession, but the life of his esteemed and revered 
father had its attractions, and the son after being 
trained at the law as to his duties to his fellow citizens 
became drawn to his duties to mankind and had entered 
the ministry. 

Some of the former Bishops of our Church had been 
trained at the law, and perhaps that was an element in 
bringing about the selection of Joseph Blount Cheshire, 
Jr., as the desired assistant Bishop. 

He was chosen and within two months, Bishop Lyman 
having died, he became Bishop of the Diocese — enjoying 
the high respect and regard which was attached to his 
beloved father. 

It was an inheritance, and well did he wear the mantle 
through life. His administration and career became 
notable for its elbow touch with his fellow Christians. 
After nearly forty years of devoted service he has passed 
away, and while we deplore his loss, we are profoundly 
grateful for his extended life and for his admirable 
service in Church work, and in society tending to ele- 
vate our people and establish among us the blessings of 
true religion. 


(By Mr. F. S. Spruill, Rocky Mount.) 

For nearly fifty years I knew Bishop Cheshire as man, 
friend, priest and bishop. 

The two qualities of mind and heart that made him 
stand pre-eminent among his fellows were his perfect 
justness and the sunlight clarity of his flawless truth- 

He was the most just man I ever knew. That quality 
was ingrained and its exercise was apparently spontan- 
eous. There were no hair-breadth decisions on his part. 
His convictions were so deeply rooted in his nature that 
they expressed themselves in his hourly life and conduct. 
He never compromised with them, and, in difference from 
others, he was ever the urbane and courteous gentleman, 
but he was the positive exponent of his considered 

Through all his contact and dealings with men, there 
ran a charity that never failed, and a sense of brother- 
hood that was not bounded by race or creed. 

No man has lived in North Carolina in my time who 
more deeply and more beneficently impressed the State. 

Without ostentation, quietly and with seemly dignity, 
he went through life "a living epistle known and read of 
all men." 

As man, priest and bishop, it was a privilege and a 
benefaction to have known him. 


(By Dr. A. R. Newsome, Secretary State Historical 

As a personality, ecclesiastical leader, historian, and 
public spirited citizen, Bishop Joseph Blount Cheshire 
projected like a mountain peak above the average level 
of North Carolina life. Seldom is one privileged to meet 
his equal in the full and well-rounded development of 
mind, body and spirit. Wise, just, consecrated, scholarly, 
lovable and unselfish, he was so rich and diversified in 
the wealth of experience and character that he en- 
nobled whatever and whoever touched the domain of 
his life. 

Amid a busy life of ministration to church and 
humanity, Bishop Cheshire found the time to gratify a 
life-long interest in the history of his family, state and 
nation. He assembled a notable religious and historical 



library; and wide reading, accurate memory, and keen 
apperception brought to him a profound knowledge and 
appreciation of the historical development of North Caro- 
lina. Native ability, industry, and self-discipline en- 
abled him to achieve a degree of historical scholarship 
seldom encountered among laymen. The Church in the 
Confederate States, a scholarly monograph; Nonnulla, a 
charming memoir and interpretation of North Carolina 
life; and numerous addresses and articles on local and 
church history enriched the historiography of his native 
state and beloved church. Agencies and movements for 
the advancement of North Carolina culture, learning and 
history never lacked his intense interest and sympathetic 
support. Fitting and merited was the honor of president 
of the State Literary and Historical Association which he 
wore with grace and dignity in 19 31. 

While his sudden departure is a grievous loss to 
family, friends and state, his long life of virtue and 
service is a beneficent endowment to the citizenship and 
civilization of North Carolina. 


(By Mr. Samuel Lawrence, Member Standing Committee) 
Having had the honor to serve on committees and as 
a trustee, within the gift of the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina, I came in intimate contact with the late Rt. Rev. 
Joseph Blount Cheshire and saw him at work and by his 
works I learned to love and honor him. 

His fair mindedness, rugged honesty and insistence 
upon justice portrayed a character which made its in- 
fluence felt all through the social and religious life of 
our State. 

It was, I believe, as presiding officer of the trustees of 
St. Augustine's College for Negroes that I saw this char- 
acter at its fullness. The trustees were reminded by his 
example and demeanor that they had met to help the 
Negroes and must deliberate with this firmly fixed in 
their minds and hearts — and the Negroes present under- 
stood and were deeply appreciative. 

He inculcated a spirit among the Negroes which will 
survive for a long time and if others will help to keep 
it alive, a great service to mankind will not have been 
in vain. 

It was the like of this, wherever he walked, that made 
Bishop Cheshire great in the sight of God and his fellow 


(By Mr. Thomas H. Battle, Rocky Mount.) 

Bishop Cheshire dead! This means a great blow to 
our Church and state, the extent of which is hard for 
us to realize. He was always so full of life and filled 
so completely everything that was expected of him and 
we so relied on him and his good judgment that we do 
not see how we can get on without him. He was the 
inspiration and wise counsellor of all our institutions. 
I was a member of his first parish — at Chapel Hill — 
when I was a student there from 1876 to 1882 and I 
have been closely connected with him in every way from 
that time to the end. He was a strong man in every 
way and was always recognized as a leader in every way 
and a safe adviser in every emergency and knew the 
wisest thing to do. 

As a presiding officer he had no superior, fair, im- 
partial and courageous. He was perfectly frank and 
while he was a brave fighter and while he stood up for 

his rights he carried no malice and harbored no griev- 
ances. I was with him in many diocesan conventions 
and triennial conventions and always noticed his fairness 
and his broad influence. In every way he was a man 
among men and everybody knew that he was thoroughly 
safe and far above all pettiness. He was wide awake 
and untiring in caring for the best interests of our be- 
loved Church. 

He was a great constructor and the success and growth 
of Thompson Orphanage and St. Mary's School are due 
largely to him. 

He was much interested in our colored work and was 
an ardent friend and supporter of St. Augustine's Normal 
School and College. 

In fact, he was a supporter of everything good and 
we never shall see his equal and we are sorely stricken 

I have not done the subject justice but I am glad of 
this opportunity of saying that I loved and admired our 
great bishop and feel that his statue will loom larger 
as the years pass. 

I wish my father and grandfather were here to join 
me in this, for they loved him, too. 


(By Henry M. London, Treasurer of the Diocese.) 

First as layman and for the past fourteen years as 
Treasurer of the Diocese, it was my privilege and pleas- 
ure to be thrown in intimate contact with Bishop 
Cheshire in connection with the finances of the Diocese. 
His sound judgment and good business sense were in- 
valuable, whenever sought. As an administrator and 
business executive, I have not known his superior. He 
was always sympathetic and helpful with a laymen's 
problems, and eminently fair and just in his decisions 
when all the facts were laid before him. He had a 
judicial mind. As a presiding officer over our Diocesan 
Conventions, his parliamentary rulings were prompt and 
remarkably correct. If I had, however, to name the 
greatest trait of Bishop Cheshire's character I would 
say it was his intense humaneness. His long life of 
humble and consecrated service in the Diocese will leave 
its imprint for years to come. Truly may it be said of 

"None knew him but to love him, 
None named him but to praise." 


St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Shanghai, has seventy-two young 
women in its nurses' training school. Eleven were gradu- 
ated last spring. 

The fifth Student Lenten Offering, which was given dur- 
ing the past school year by Episcopal Church students in 
various colleges throughout the country for a number of 
missionary objects, amounted to $2,062.18. 

An offering of 398 pennies was given to Bishop Stewart, 
for the deficiency fund in Chicago by Assyrian children 
of St. Michael's Church in that city. At the same time 
the priest in charge, the Rev. Simon Yonan, presented 
twenty-one persons for confirmation. This is an affiliated 
congregation, canonically connected with the Assyrian 



Thompson Orphanage and 
Training Institution 

Rev. W. H. Wheelee, Editor 

Some Good Friends Visit Us 

The auxiliary of All Saint's Church of Concord, came in 
a body to look over the Orphanage and also to see the two 
boys they have been clothing — Billy Gatlin and Harold 
Cook. It was a great pleasure to welcome them. Later in 
the month- we enjoyed a visit from one of the Sunday 
School classes of Saint Marks, Gastonia. This Sunday 
School for many years has given the offering on the first 
Sunday of each month for the Thompson Orphanage and 
the Auxiliary clothes one of our larger boys, Winfred 
Guffy. We are always delighted when any of our friends 
can take time to come and see us. 

Christmas at the Orphanage 

This year the Christmas season was ushered in by regu- 
lar winter weather and for a few days the two or three 
sleds belonging to the Orphanage were so overworked that 
one of them literally fell to pieces. Most of the vacation 
was considerably dampened by continual rain, during which 
time we were very grateful for our splendid gym and for 
the library and reading room. The baby cottage had a 
very beautiful Christmas tree presented by the Elizabeth 
School. The tree on the campus was lighted on Christmas 
Eve and on Christmas night only, in order to save expense. 

Through the kindness of Mr. Warren of the Warren 
Transfer Company who loaned one of his large trucks 
many of the older children accompanied by Mr. Yates had 
a great deal of fun singing Christmas carols on Christmas 
Eve. St. Peter's Church Service League, through Miss 
Johnson provided very nice presents, candy, nuts, oranges, 
bananas, and apples for each child, many other presents 
were sent in by guilds and individuals. Before and after 
Christmas there were several movie parties and a party at 
the Woman's Club for the older girls. In spite of the hard 
times it was one of the happiest Christmasses we have ever 

The Christmas joy of every one at the Orphanage was 
touched by sincere sorrow because of the death of an old 
and very dear friend Bishop Cheshire. Along with Rev. 
E. A. Osborne Bishop Cheshire was instrumental in the 
founding of the Thompson Orphanage. For many many 
years he has had the love and veneration of all the 
Orphanage family. 

The 46th Annual Meeting 

The chairman of the Board of Managers has called the 
annual meeting for Thursday, January 12th at 10:30 A.M. 
It is hoped that the weather will be propitious so that a 
good attendance may be secured. 

The Basketball Team 

Under the direction of Thomas Mott Alexander the Or- 
phanage is developing an unusually good team. In a four- 
cornered League of Junior High School teams our boys won 
their first game against Piedmont Junior High by a score 
of 44 to 10. The team is working hard to uphold its fine 

Additional List of Thanksgiving Offerings 

The amounts received since December 2nd are as follows: 

From the Diocese of North Carolina: Grace Church, Wel- 
don, $13.00; All Saint's Church, Hamlet, $26.50; Calvary, 
Wadesboro, $37.00; All Souls, Anson ville, $15.00; Holy 
Comforter, Charlotte, $86.60; All Saints, Concord, $100.00; 
St. Matthews, Edgecombe, $6.80; St. Andrews, Greensboro, 
$55.76; St. Matthews, Hillsboro, $16.85; Grace Church 
Lawrence, $4.00; Grace Church, Lexington, $85.00; Church 
of The Messiah, Mayodan, $5.50; St. Marks', Mecklenburg 
County, $9.44; Good Shepherd, Raleigh, $50.50; All Saints, 
Roanoke Rapids, $35.41; St. Luke's, Salisbury, $61.50; 
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines, $139.60; Calvary, 
Wadesboro, 50.00; St. Timothy, Wilson, $16.50; Church of 
the Savior, Jackson, $5.00; Church Service League, Chapel 
Hill, $10.00; Christ Church, Cleveland, $25.50; Ascension, 
Davie County, $10.00; St. Phillips, Durham, $179.58; St. 
Matthews, Edgecombe County, $1.75; Grace, Lawrence, 
$2.15; St. Stevens, Oxford, $5.00; St. Saviors, Raleigh, 
$7.60; Church of the Messiah, Rockingham, $25.60; Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount, $220.58; St. Matthias, Rowan 
County, $8.23; St. Paul's, Salisbury, $7.17; Emmanuel, 
Warrenton, $174.03; St. Timothy, Wilson, $3.55; St. Augus- 
tine's, Raleigh, $5.93; St. Pauls Sunday School, Smithfield, 
$5.00; St. Andrews Sunday School, Durham, $11.19; Trinity 
Sunday School, Mt. Airy, $2.50; Pinehurst, the Village 
Chapel, $18.00. 

From the Diocese of East Carolina: Y. P. S. L. St. James, 
Wilmington, $2.70; Advent, Williamston, $10.66; Trinity 
Chapel, Chocowinity, $3.80. 

From the Diocese of Western North Carolina: Grace, 
Morganton, $190.27; Holy Cross, Tryon, $34.08; St. Lukes, 
Lincolnton, $18.12; Ascension, Hickory, $20.00; St. James, 
Black Mountain, $13.30; St. Francis, Rutherfordton, $14.00; 
St. Pauls, Wilkesboro, $2.13; St. Marks Church, Gastonia, 
$50.65; St. James, Hendex-sonville, $31.78; St. Luke's, Ashe- 
ville, $10.00; St. Andrews, Bessemer City, $1.80; Rev. and 
Mrs. Joiner, Hickory, $4.00; Trinity, Asheville, $112.72; 
Grace, Waynesville, $10.00; Transfiguration, Saluda, $5.21; 
Bat Cave, $2.00. 

Bishop Penick was the principal speaker at the annual 
New Year service of Bethania Moravian Church, one of the 
oldest churches in the State, located near Winston-Salem. 
The service opened with a love feast at 7:30 P. M., and 
continued until the hour of midnight. 

A special dispatch to the New York Times gives the in- 
formation that the Rev. J. Reginald Mallett, now rector of 
Christ Church, Chattanooga, Tenn., has been called to be 
rector of Grace Church, White Plains, N. Y. Mr. Mallett 
is well known in this Diocese, having served in recent 
years as rector of Holy Trinity, Greensboro. The parish 
to which he has been called is a large and influential one. 

The Thompson Orphanage lost one of its most faithful 
and efficient workers on January 7th, in the death of Mrs. 
Janet Wetmore Mays. She was teacher and librarian. 

At the January meeting of the Raleigh Clericus a most 
interesting address was made by the Rev. Father Freeman, 
rector of the Roman Catholic cathedral in Raleigh, on the 
system of Moral Theology in the Roman Church. 



| Saint Mary's School News j 

Miss Easdale Shaw, Alumnae Secretary 

j_ , } 

Saint Mary's School reopened after the Christmas holi- 
days on January 4th. With one exception the entire stu- 
dent body reported. 

A number of very important events have been scheduled 
for January and early February. During the week of 
January 9-14 the Physical Education Department is spon- 
soring Posture Week. On Wednesday of the same week a 
debate on World War Debts is being given by the members 
of the Junior English Class. On the evening of January 
11th Dr. E. McNeill Poteat is lecturing at Saint Mary's on 
China. He is coming under the auspices of the Woman's 

The school is invited by the members of the Dramatic 
Club to go on a World Cruise Saturday, January 14th. The 
"Cruise"' is to take the form of a dance and is to be held in 
the school parlor. Sunday, January 15th, the artist Edwin 
Key Hodgkins will exhibit some of his works at the school. 

Mid-year examinations will be held during the week of 
January 25-28, and the Easter Term begins January 31st. 

In order to display the progress which they have made 
during the first semester, the members of the Physical Edu- 
cation classes are presenting a demonstration on February 
3rd to which the patrons and friends of the school are 

Alumnae Secretary Marries 

Miss Mela Royall, for a number of years Alumnae Secre- 
tary of Saint Mary's School and editor of this department 
since its establishment, was married in St. Stephen's 
Church, Goldsboro, on Saturday, December 31st, to Lieu- 
tenant W. E. Carraway. On January 19th they sail for 
Tientsin, China, where Lieutenant Carraway has been 
ordered for army service. The effective work and lovely 
personality of Mrs. Carraway will be greatly missed at 
Saint Mary's. 


(Continued from Page 9) 

Carolina praying earnestly, definitely — asking God's bless- 
ing particularly on our United Thank Offering. Can you 
imagine such a glorious condition existing and doubt that 
1933 will bring an increase in our gifts? Our material 
offerings are far surpassed in power by the prayers that 
accompany each gift. 

Third. Service with a plan. Under this head placing a 
Blue Box in the hands of every woman comes first. A 
meeting with an interesting program — not "just to be able 
to report it." Surely the Thank Offering furnishes ma- 
terial for a meeting full of interest and "thrills." A United 
Thank Offering pageant. An earnest United Thank Offering 

Fourth. Informed; praying; working; our gifts will be 
an unfailing result. 

May God bless our Offering in 1933, and grant us increase 
in interest and material gifts. 

U. T. 0. Custodian Diocese of North Carolina. 

His Clergy Feel Loss of A True Father In God 

(Continued from Page 7) 

others received their diplomas at his hands on the Com- 
mencement stage. He could always be depended upon to 
be present if it was physically possible. 

Shortly before Christmas a member of our staff, well 
toward the front in a long waiting line at the local post- 
office, saw him enter the building and offered him his 
place in the line. "No, no," said the Bishop, "I have plenty 
of time. I can wait." In his long and full life he indeed 
found time for the doing of many things for others; as for 
things for himself, he could always wait. 


(By the Rev. Robert B. Owens.) 

Bishop Cheshire was a true and loyal Churchman; 
strict in the observance and the application of the 
Church's laws and rubrics; standing staunchly for "the 
faith as this Church hath received the same" and yet, I 
believe I can truthfully say, without a trace of bigotry. 

But above all, I have found him to be a true "Father 
in God." A Bishop; an Apostle; a Prince of the Church, 
yet at heart one of the humblest and most approachable 
of men. In his address to the first Convention after 
his consecration he voiced sentiments, that, as I knew 
him, were true of him to the end of his days. "To no 
one can it seem stranger than it does to myself that I 
should occupy this place, and thus address you from the 
chair of Ravenscroft, of Atkinson, and of him so lately 
taken from us. (Lyman) I can only ask your prayers 
that He who chooses the weak things of this world to 
confound the strong, may strengthen me for the work 
laid upon me; and may I never forget the rule which 
our Lord Himself lays down for him who occupies this 
chief place, namely, that he must be the servant of all." 
Though he was the Bishop, he was the servant of all. 

And so, revered Father in God. and dear old friend, 
farewell — for a time. You have gone to rejoin loved 
ones and other friends who preceded you into the Para- 
dise of God. Bynum, Buxton and Sutton; Marshall, 
Murdoch and Osborne; Wilkes, Battle and Lamb; Lon- 
don, Lewis and Erwin, and a host of others who with 
you labored in the Master's vineyard until they were 
called to rest at the end of their day. And now, you! 
May God grant you eternal rest, and may light per- 
petual shine upon you. And may we, who knew and 
loved you, so follow the example of your steadfastness in 
faith and obedience to His commandments that in the 
day of the general resurrection, we, together with you, 
may come to those unspeakable joys which God hath 
prepared for those who unfeignedly love Him. 

Mention has been made of the movement in Virginia 
to hold night schools for adults. A report for Brunswick 
County only, the county in which St. Paul's School, Law- 
renceville, is located, says that 305 Negroes have been 
under instruction in that county; some were over fifty 
years old; about half were entirely illiterate, and all were 
nearly so. The state is endeavoring to lower its per- 
centage of illiteracy. The movement is meeting with less 
response from the illiterate white people than from the 
colored population. 



j Department Religious Education j 

The Rev. Francis Craighill, Chairman 
f_ _ _J 4 

News of Saint Mary's House, N. C. C. W. 

On Sunday, December 4th, Dr. Barkley who holds the 
chair of Psychology at the W. C. U. N. C, gave a very 
interesting talk to the Saint Mary's Club at their Vesper 
service, on the subject of Worship, and there was a splen- 
did attendance. 

After consulting with the welfare officers of Greensboro, 
we selected 19 underprivileged children in town for whom 
we gave a Christmas party on December 17, and provided 
each one with useful presents, toys and confectioneries. A 
lovely little Christmas tree was glittering in the hall; 
candles on the tables and a bright fire on the hearth; and 
toasted marshmallows, hot chocolate and tea cakes for 
refreshments made the cold, snowy afternoon a happy one 
for the children, as well as for the girls. 

At the suggestion of our chairman of the Social Service 
Committee, bright posters had been placed in every dormi- 
tory, asking for cast-off clothing to be given for the Bear 
Mountain School in Virginia, where our two Volunteer 
Student Workers, Gertrude Turner and Mildren Boatman, 
worked last summer. 

The Early Communion service on the 4th and 18th were 
well attended, 17 students being present at each. The Ves- 
per service on Sunday the 18th was much enjoyed. Favorite 
Christmas carols were sung, one of the students told the 
"Story of the Other Wise Man," Mr. Vache read the Christ- 
mas story from St. Luke, and the evening ended with the 
usual Sunday tea, and with a general exchange of good 
wishes for the holidays, as it was the last get-together of 
the Saint Mary's girls for 1932. 

Y. P. S. L. at Scotland Neck Continues Good Work 

The month of December saw a continuation of the same 
high standard of service that has characterized the Scot- 
land Neck Y. P. S. L. in the past. In spite of sickness, bad 
weather and necessary absences from town, there was an 
average attendance of 77% for the four meetings in the 
month. There was an attendance of 94% at the Corporate 
Communion for the month. 

A very delightful social was held on the evening of the 
22nd, when the League has as its guests for supper all 
former members of the League, especially those away at 
college. The supper was followed by a Christmas program. 

Many acts of helpful service were performed during the 
month, including the taking of a "Christmas Opportunity," 
the sending of a box to the missions at Sewanee, Tenn., 
and the decoration of the church at Christmas. 

On December 3rd Mr. J. R. Wilkes, treasurer of the 
Forward Movement, wrote us that the sum of $2,974.49 
had been sent in on the Thanksgiving offering for the 
Thompson Orphanage. He asks us to urge all parish 
treasurers to remit this offering to him at once. 

The Rev. Eugene L. Henderson, rector of St. Titus', 
Durham, has his residence in Chapel Hill. He writes us: 
"We have in Chapel Hill a very fine opportunity for a 
social service center and I am trying to make the most 
of it." 


(Editor's Note.— As the first in a series of articles we 
hope to run for the North Carolina Library Commission, 
in an effort to stimulate the use of books, we are glad 
to present this contribution from the Rev. Dr. A B 

There is a great opportunity for Christian people in 
North Carolina to aid the movement to have a library in 
every county of the State. There are a hundred counties 
in the State and there are only 71 public libraries. Sixty- 
two per cent of the population have no provision for books. 
Hard times and unemployment give plenty of leisure for 
reading and preparation for the better times that are 

About 1900 Governor Aycock was the great missionary 
preacher urging his people to provide better schools. The 
children trained in that generation are now the adult 
population of the State, and an effort is being made through 
the Citizens Library Movement to provide a library for 
every county. A library is not merely a collection of 
books, but needs trained librarians to minister to the 
varied needs of each community. Mecklenburg, Forsyth 
and Guilford counties have already made fine beginnings. 
The books of the Olivia Raney Library in Raleigh are now 
available to all the people of Wake County through an 
annual appropriation of $2,400 from the county commis- 

"Guilford County.— In 1915 the board of county commis- 
sioners made an appropriation of $1,250 for county service. 
In 1928 the appropriation was approximately $5,000, de- 
rived from the dog tax. Service is from main library, 
stations in communities and schools. A book truck oper- 
ates on a regular schedule with stops at schools and com- 
munities. In fifteen months after the truck began its 
operations 87,000 books had been loaned to rural residents, 
and it has now an income of $18,341 for the population 
of 96,265 and 34,273 volumes." 

A library on wheels. Think of it! 87,000 books carried 
in fifteen months to people in the country. It is not neces- 
sary to have a stately Carnegie building. An auto truck 
will do the work. The idea of the Citizens Library Move- 
ment comes from the fertile brain of Dr. Frank Graham, 
president of the University, but the people must back him 

During the last year 150,240 books were borrowed from 
the book truck of Guilford County. Only seventeen coun- 
ties of the State have made an appropriation for libraries 
in 1931-1932. Let the good work go on until it reaches 
the hundred counties of the State. No better use can be 
made of our highways and the automobiles. Miss Marjorie 
Beal of the North Carolina Library Commission, Raleigh, 
will give further information if you will ask her. 

The following item from The C?~oss Roads, parish paper 
of the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, will be of interest: 

"It has been our great pleasure to have with us this past 
week Dr. Cameron F. McRae who has been for the past 
33 years a missionary in Shanghai, China. Dr. McRae 
has many friends and relatives in Chapel Hill who were 
delighted to see him again. While here he spoke to various 
groups of students on the work in China, outlining to them 
the need and the opportunity for service in the mission 
field. One of the serious situations confronting the Church 
today, he said, is the lack of volunteers for the mission 
field to take the places of those who have reached the age 
of retirement," 




The preparation for the Every-Memher Canvass this 
year included a visit and addresses by Rev. R. W. Pat- 
ton, D.D., and Rev. Cyril E. Bentley, and a supper meet- 
ing of the canvassers at which Rev. M. A. Barber, S.T.D., 
was the speaker. The Church's program and needs 
formed the subject matter at several meetings of the 
Woman's Auxiliary, one sermon was preached on the 
subject, several addresses were made by laymen of the 
parish, and by literature and announcements the subject 
was kept in the minds of the people. The canvass was 
made on the morning of December 11th, the morning 
service being omitted and the people asked to stay at 
home to receive the visitors. This suggestion was made 
at a Diocesan conference by Rev. Oliver Hart, and this is 
the second time it has been used in this Parish. By this 
plan a maximum number of people can be found at home 
and the canvass can be made most nearly complete in 
one day. Mr. A. L. Tyler was chairman of the canvass 
for this year. 

The Men's Bible Class conducted an interesting series 
of lectures this fall on the leaders of the Reformation, 

and is now conducting a series on comparative religions. 
Men of force and distinction have been secured as the 
speakers, each being an expert on his topic, and some 
coming from a distance. 

The women of the Auxiliary conducted a very success- 
ful turkey supper in November, a neat sum being cleared 
and the occasion serving also as a pleasant social 
gathering of parishioners and their friends. The Auxil- 
iary comprises in its membership all the women of the 
Parish divided into eight circles. Through its organized 
departments it carries on all the activities usually as- 
signed to the women of the Church, and works in all five 
fields of service. As a 19 32 rarity, it may be added that 
the Auxiliary's large and practically undiminished bud- 
get was raised in full, and there is the accustomed sur- 
plus to be carried over into next year as working capital. 

The Executive Council of the Diocese was called to meet 
in Greensboro on Friday, January 13th, at which time the 
1933 budget was to be revised in the light of the pledges 
made for this purpose by the parishes and missions of the 
Diocese. It was hoped that no drastic revision would be 
necessary, but the preliminary figures of the Field Depart- 
ment were not reassuring. 

REPORT OF FORWARD MOVEMENT TREASURER— Payments on 1932 Pledges to January 12, 1933 

ISTote: It will be noted that there are a number of vacancies in the column, "Amount Pledged." These 
will be filled as soon as pledges are received. 


Ansonville — All Souls % 

Battleboro — St. John's 

Burlington — Holy Comforter 1,464.00 

Chapel Hill— Chapel of Cross 1,180.00 

Charlotte — Chapel of Hope _. 

Charlotte— Holy Comforter 1,555.00 

Charlotte — St. Andrew's 50.00 

Charlotte — St. Martin's 2,000.00 

Charlotte— St. Mary's 138.80 

Charlotte— St. Peter's _ 6,800.00 

China Grove — Ascension 100.00 

Cleveland — Christ 179.00 

Concord— All Saints 500.00 

Cooleemee — Good Shepherd 175.00 

Davie County — Ascension 60.00 

Durham — Eph 

Durham — St. Andrew's 128.00 

Durham, St. Joseph's 128.00 

Durham — St. Philip's _ 3,000.00 

Edgecombe Co. — St. Matthew's 

Elkin — Gallowar Memorial 

Enfield— Advent 204.00 

Erwin— St. Stephen's 150.00 


Germanton — St. Philip's 

Greensboro — Holy Trinity 1,000.00 

Greensboro — St. Andrew's 900.00 

Greensboro — St. Mary's Chapel 75.00 

Halifax — St. Mark's _ _ 

Hamlet — All Saints 135.00 

Henderson — Holy Innocents 1,500.00 

High Point— St. Mary's 300.00 

Hillsboro — St. Matthew's _ 554.00 

Iredell Co. — St. James' 54.00 

Jackson- — Our Saviour 

Kittrell — -St. James' 

Laurinburg — St. David's 

Lawrence — Grace _ 

Leaksville — The Epiphany _ 150.00 

Lexington — Grace 637.00 

Littleton— St. Alban's 125.00 

Louisburg — St. Paul's 50.00 

Madison — St. John's _ 

Mayodan — Messiah 125.00 

Mecklenburg Co. — St. Mark's :. 220.00 

Middleburg — Heavenly Rest 20.00 

Milton— Christ 10.00 

Monroe — St. Paul's 431.00 

Mount Airy — Trinity _ 

Northampton Co. — St. Luke's 60.00 

Old Sparta — Ingatius 

Orange Co. — St. Mary's 

Oxford— St. Stephen's 1,545.00 

Pittsboro — St. Bartholomew's _ 300.00 


Raleigh— Christ 5,000.00 

Raleigh— Good Shepherd _ 2,600.00 

Raleigh — St. Mary's Chapel _ 800.00 

Raleigh — St. Saviour's _ _ 234.00 

Reidsville — St. Thomas' 200.00 


$ 48.47 























' 128.12 


Ridgeway — Good Shepherd $ 53.00 

Ringwood — St. Clement's 

Roanoke Rapids — All Saints 382.00 

Rockingham — Messiah 125.00 

Rock. Co. — St. Andrew's 25.00 

Rocky Mt. — Good Shepherd 2,100.00 

Rowan Co. — St. Matthew's 76.00 

Roxboro — St. John's 40.00 

Salisbury — St. Luke's 1,000.00 

Salisbury — St. Paul's 95.00 

Salisbury — St. Peter's _ 75.00 

Sanford — St. Thomas' 75.00 

Scotland Neck — Holy Trinity 

Selma — St. Gabriel's 10.00 

Smithfield — St. Paul's 170.00 

Southern Pines — Emmanuel 378.00 

Speed — St. Mary's 

Spencer — St. Joseph's 

Spray— St. Luke's 383.00 

Spring Hope — St. Jude's 

Statesville — Trinity 200.00 

Stoneville — Emmanuel 

Stovall— St. Peter's 

Tarhoro — Calvary 400.00 

Townesville — Holy Trinity 75.00 

Wadesboro — Calvary 379.00 

Wake Co.— St. John's 

Walnut Cove — Christ 

Warrenton — Emmanuel 700.00 

Weldon — Grace 

Wilson— St. Timothy's 

Winston-Salem— St. Paul's _ 6,570.00 

Woodleaf — St. George's 46.00 

Total _ $47,102.00 


Charlotte — St. Michael's 

Durham— St. Titus 

Greensboro — Redeemer , 

Henderson — Resurrection 

Littleton — St. Anna's 

Louisburg — St. Matthew's 

Monroe — Holy Trinity 

Oxford — St. Cyprian's 

Pittsboro — St. James 

Raleigh — St. Ambrose's 

Raleigh — St. Augustine's 

Rocky Mount — Holy Hope 

Satterwhite — St. Simeon's 

Statesville — Holy Cross 

Tarboro — St. Luke's 

Warren County — St. Luke's 

Warrenton — All Saints 

Wilson — St. Mark's 

Winston-Salem — St. Stephen's 















$ 150.00 










































$ 281.57 

J. RENWICK WILKES, Treasurer. 



Saint Mary's School and Junior College 

Raleigh, North Carolina 

An Episcopal School for Girls. Have your daughter receive her education | 

in a Church School. i 

Saint Mary's offers four years High School and two years College work, j 

all fully accredited by the Southern Association. Also Courses in Music, j 

Art, Expression, Home Economics, and Business. 

20- Acre Campus, Gym and Field Sports; Tennis; Indoor Tiled Swimming I 

Pool; Horseback Riding; Golf. j 

For Catalogue and View Book j 
Address A. W. TUCKER, Business Manager 

1 =i 


j Raleigh, North Carolina : : : : : Founded 1867 


| A Four-year College Course is now being offered, including Pre-Medical 
| and Teacher Training features. A College Preparatory Department, 
~ Training School for Nurses, and School for Religious and Social Workers 
are connected with the College 
Thorough Training, Healthy Environment, Christian Influences 
For Catalog and Information Write — 


Church Vestments 


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j I 


"I'd like to feel when life is done 
That I had filled a needed post; 
That here and there I'd paid my 

With more than idle talk and boast; 
That I had taken gifts divine, 
The breath of life and mankind 

And tried to use them now and 

In Fervice for my fellowmen." 

Church Programs 

Collection Envelopes 
Class Cards 




North Carolina 

presses of Mitchell printing Co.. Raleigh, N. C.